China Coal Profits Nearly Double in First Quarter

Chinese coal companies made nearly twice as much profit in the first quarter compared with the equivalent period last year, new statistics show, as high prices widened the margins of miners amid the country’s recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic.

Databases for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has remained vague in many aspects, including availability of data. Green BRI Center analyzed a number of data sources and databases that are relevant for the BRI. On this site we provide an overview of relevant data sources. While it is indeed true that there is no “master” database, much data can be found through a variety of sources. The data include

China’s Belt And Road Initiative: All Participating Countries By Income Group

China’s Belt & Road Initiative has evolved from being purely about infrastructure build projects to about supply chain development. Many of the 2,500 projects that China has assisted with either financing, or building, or both are now coming to fruition. As I explained in the example of Sri Lanka’s Colombo Port City the completed infrastructure asset is now giving rise to new opportunities for global investors. These range from the appreciation of property builds, to new facilities for numerous service industries. In the Colombo Port City example, these range from the daily requirements of office workers and commuters, to businesses themselves – Colombo is highly likely to develop as a lower cost back-office centre to compete with nearby Singapore as an example.  

Interactive online map of overseas projects by Chinese NGOs

  The topic of Chinese NGOs and charities working overseas has gained increasing traction over the last few years. As China has risen to the status of second largest economy, many are optimistic about the potential for Chinese philanthropy to make an impact in the rest of the world, and especially in developing countrie


In April this year Thomas Hale, Associate Professor of Global Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University, and co authors Liu Chuyu and Johannes Urpelainen published an in-depth look at the complex and dynamic network of actors who make and shape the Belt and Road Initiative.  

Demystifying the Belt and Road Initiative: A Clarification of its Key Features, Objectives and Impacts

This report describes the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which is a transcontinental infrastructure plan conceptualized in China and implemented in more than 100 partner countries, primarily emerging economies. The BRI primarily promotes the building of physical infrastructure that will connect the partner countries globally.

Africa's Economic Transformation: The Role of Chinese Investment

Since the early 2000s, China’s presence in Africa has increased dramatically in terms of trade, investment and infrastructure financing. This raised expectations about the potential for Chinese engagement with Africa to reinvigorate economic growth in the continent, but also questions about the potential challenges that could arise.

BRI Green Review

The First BRIGC Coordination Webinar in 2020 and the First Consultation Meeting of Joint Research on “Green Development Guidance for BRI Projects” (the “Green Light” System) were held in April 2020. BRIGC Secretariat has prepared the second Issue for 2020 of BRI Green Review to brief progress related to Green BRI development and BRIGC work over the past 3 months.

Safeguarding People and the Environment in Chinese Investments

Social and environmental safeguards are meant to protect people and ecosystems from the negative impacts of investment projects. Safeguards are policies, standards and systems that developers, investors and financiers implement to prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of their business activities.

Mind the Trap: What Basing Rights in Djibouti and Sri Lanka Reveal About the Limitations of Debt as a Tool of Chinese Military Expansion

On November 24, 2019, Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa told reporters during his first interview as president that he hoped to renegotiate the terms of the deal that gave a Chinese firm a 99-year lease over the Hambantota Port (Strategic News International, November 24, 2019). The port had been handed over as Sri Lanka struggled to make loan payments on the loss-making Chinese-built facility—thereby leading to debates as to whether the People’s Republic of China (PRC) had set a “debt trap” by intentionally lending Sri Lanka more than it could afford to repay, in hopes of eventually foreclosing on the port (China Brief, January 5, 2019).

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